Sound Change and Analogy: the Synchronic Reflexes of the Second Compensatory Lengthening in Ancient Greek Dialects (Mudança Sonora e Analogia: Reflexo Sincrônico do Alongamento Secundário Compensatório em Dialeto do Grego Antigo)

Resumo

No grego, em variadas situações, vogais curtas tornam-se longas para compensar a perda ou a ressilabificação de uma consoante adjacente. Neste artigo, discute-se o processo conhecido na literatura helenística como ‘alongamento compensatório secundário’. Essa regra afeta seqüências Vns intervocálicas e de final de palavra. Discute-se o reflexo sincrônico da seqüência Vns em dialetos do grego antigo e mostra-se que a variação dialetal pode ser explicada parcialmente como o efeito de reestruturação lexical, ou nivelamento analógico.
PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Mudança Sonora. Analogia. Ditongo variável. Alongamento compensatório. Grego Antigo.

ABSTRACT
In early Greek, at several occasions short vowels became long to compensate for the loss or the resyllabification of a neighbouring consonant. Here we will discuss the process that is known in the Hellenistic literature as the ‘Second Compensatory Lengthening’. This rule affected intervocalic and word-final Vns sequences, in a manner that was different for the various dialects. We will discuss the synchronic reflexes of the Vns sequence in the Ancient Greek dialects and show that the dialectal variation can be explained partly as a result of differences in the nature of the consonant deletion rule, and partly as the effect of lexical restructuring-cum-rule-loss, or analogical levelling.
KEYWORDS: Sound change. Analogy. Mobile diphthong. Compensatory lengthening. Ancient Greek.

Biografia do Autor

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W. Leo Wetzels é doutor em Lingüística pela University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands (atualmente Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen). Professor na graduação e no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Lingüística na Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. The Netherlands. Editor-chefe da revista Probus. Coordenador de vários projetos, dentre eles: The Nambikwara Indians. A Description of their Languages (Latundê, Sararé, and Sabanê) and their Culture Pano Languages and Cultures by the Pano themselves Studies of the Eastern Maku Languages (Brazil). Autor de vários artigos publicados em periódicos especializados, dentre eles: On the Weight Issue in Portuguese; Discussion: Fieldwork and Phonological Theory. Autor e co-autor de vários capítulos de livros, dentre os quais Estudos Fonológicos de Línguas Indígenas Brasileiras; Language Endangerment and Endangered Languages: Linguistic and Anthropological Studies with Special Emphasis on the Languages and Cultures of the Andean-Amazonian Border Área.

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Publicado
2006-06-30
Como Citar
WETZELS, Willem Leo. Sound Change and Analogy: the Synchronic Reflexes of the Second Compensatory Lengthening in Ancient Greek Dialects (Mudança Sonora e Analogia: Reflexo Sincrônico do Alongamento Secundário Compensatório em Dialeto do Grego Antigo). Estudos da Língua(gem), [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 69-89, jun. 2006. ISSN 1982-0534. Disponível em: <http://periodicos2.uesb.br/index.php/estudosdalinguagem/article/view/1009>. Acesso em: 16 out. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.22481/el.v3i1.1009.