THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOGICAL THINKING IN JUNIOR STUDENTS THROUGH PROJECT-BASED LEARNING

Resumo

O artigo analisa o método de desenvolver o raciocínio lógico em alunos juniores com base na correlação entre o original e o modelo e possibilita, diferentemente dos métodos tradicionais, desenvolver o raciocínio, estruturas intelectuais e operações lógicas dos alunos de maneira mais eficaz. Com o auxílio das abordagens epistemológicas, de atividade sistêmica e do meio, é determinada uma estratégia para o desenvolvimento do pensamento lógico dos alunos por meio da aprendizagem baseada em projetos, baseada na correlação entre o original e o modelo. Garante o desenvolvimento efetivo de a) atividade intelectual das crianças em idade escolar b) pensamento c) memória lógica. O estudo comprova a eficácia da tecnologia apresentada, que implica 1) imersão no projeto, além de especificar suas metas e objetivos; 2) organização e planejamento das atividades dos alunos; 3) elaboração das principais etapas do projeto; 4) realização do projeto e sua apresentação; 5) avaliando os resultados. Com base nos dados da pesquisa, foram destacados os seguintes critérios: análise, síntese, comparação, classificação, generalização e outros critérios que permitiram determinar três níveis de desenvolvimento do fenômeno em questão. Nosso método fornece uma melhoria significativa dos resultados da pesquisa e garante a formação de atividades de aprendizagem universais (ULAs) informativas, regulatórias e analíticas. A avaliação da eficácia e validade do método proposto é corroborada por cálculos para o critério de Fisher (critério φ *). Os resultados comparativos da pesquisa antes e após o experimento em alto nível são 3.564. Os valores empíricos obtidos de φ * estão na área de significância. H0 é rejeitado (o eixo de significância = 1.64-2.31). Assim, o método em questão tem um sério impacto no desenvolvimento do pensamento lógico através da aprendizagem baseada em projetos de alunos juniores.

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Biografias do Autor

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PhD in Education, Professor, Lipetsk State Pedagogical P. Semenov-Tyan-Shansky University, Lipetsk, Russia.

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PhD in Education, Professor, Lipetsk State Pedagogical P. Semenov-Tyan-Shansky University, Lipetsk, Russia.

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PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Lipetsk State Pedagogical P. Semenov-Tyan-Shansky University, Lipetsk, Russia.

##submission.authorWithAffiliation##

PhD in Education, Associate Professor. Lipetsk State Pedagogical P. Semenov-Tyan-Shansky University, Lipetsk, Russia.

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Publicado
2020-04-01
Como Citar
OVCHINNIKOVA, A. Zh. et al. THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOGICAL THINKING IN JUNIOR STUDENTS THROUGH PROJECT-BASED LEARNING. Práxis Educacional, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 39, p. 259-280, abr. 2020. ISSN 2178-2679. Disponível em: <http://periodicos2.uesb.br/index.php/praxis/article/view/6377>. Acesso em: 30 maio 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.22481/praxisedu.v16i39.6377.