PRINCIPLES OF HIGHER EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT IN WORKS OF RUSSIAN PHILOSOPHERS AND SCIENTISTS OF 20TH CENTURY

Resumo

Introdução: o artigo é dedicado à pesquisa do ensino superior em vários aspectos, são apresentados os resultados do seu reconhecimento no pensamento científico e filosófico nacional do século XX, sendo detectada conexão com as tendências europeias comuns do ensino superior. Considerações de filósofos e cientistas russos populares que deram sua contribuição à base ideológica e aos princípios do ensino universitário na Rússia no século XX são consideradas.Materiais e métodos: Os métodos são baseados em tradições de pesquisa do conhecimento humano: abordagem filosóficoantropológica dos problemas da existência humana, método comparativo de consideração de problemas educacionais em conexão com vários contextos culturais e históricos do desenvolvimento da existência humana, método histórico-comparativo. Além disso, são refletidos os métodos de pesquisa fenomenológica e hermenêutica. A base, o conteúdo, as metas e os objetivos do sistema educacional, incluindo o ensino universitário e a conexão da educação com investigações reais do ser humano e da sociedade contemporâneos, são detectados e compreendidos filosoficamente.Resultados da pesquisa: É apresentado no artigo que as principais abordagens da educação e os resultados de sua compreensão pelos pensadores russos compreendem a unidade de conteúdo e ressoam com problemas reais de sua estrutura e conteúdo em termos do mundo moderno, incluindo a realidade russa.Portanto, a idéia da necessidade de uma combinação ótima de conhecimentos científicos, especiais e filosóficos naturais no sistema educacional é fundamentada. Essa abordagem permite desenvolver a educação em termos de valores humanitários, facilita a formação de personalidade moral e espiritualmente orientada e socialmente responsável do especialista, exercendo uma visão de mundo razoável. Discussão e conclusão: os resultados recebidos podem ser utilizados para o exercício dos princípios do desenvolvimento do ensino superior em termos de desafios contemporâneos, baseados no princípio da sucessão e na manutenção das maiores tradições culturais, e também no planejamento estratégico dos programas educacionais da Universidade.

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Biografias do Autor

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Candidate of Philosophy, Professor, Russian Technological University, Institute of Innovative Technologies and Public Administration, Department of Social & Humanitarian Sciences MIREA (78, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow 119454, Russia).

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Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Social Philosophy, Moscow

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Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Russian Technological University, Institute of Innovative Technologies and Public Administration, Department of Social & Humanitarian Sciences MIREA (78, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow 119454, Russia).

##submission.authorWithAffiliation##

Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Russian Technological University, Institute of Innovative Technologies and Public Administration, Department of Social & Humanitarian Sciences MIREA (78, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow 119454, Russia).

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Publicado
2020-04-01
Como Citar
VOLNYAKOVA, Olga A. et al. PRINCIPLES OF HIGHER EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT IN WORKS OF RUSSIAN PHILOSOPHERS AND SCIENTISTS OF 20TH CENTURY. Práxis Educacional, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 39, p. 337-355, abr. 2020. ISSN 2178-2679. Disponível em: <http://periodicos2.uesb.br/index.php/praxis/article/view/6381>. Acesso em: 06 jun. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.22481/praxisedu.v16i39.6381.