Repensando o "Preconceito de Marca": Ideias sobre Raça, Ancestralidade e Genética no Brasil

Autores

Palavras-chave:

ancestralidade, DNA, raça, cor

Resumo

Estudos sociológicos tendem a realçar a importância do fenótipo (“cor”), em detrimento da ancestralidade como orientação dos conceitos de “raça” no Brasil. O presente artigo apresenta uma interpretação alternativa do significado cultural e político da ancestralidade no Brasil contemporâneo. O estudo baseia-se em entrevistas realizadas com 50 brasileiros que recentemente receberam resultados de testes genéticos de ancestralidade. As atitudes dos entrevistados quanto a sua ancestralidade são, por sua vez, interpretadas de duas formas. Primeiro, em relação ao mito nacional de mestiçagem e às ideologias eugênicas de branqueamento racial, que visaram apagar os traços das origens africanas da população brasileira. Segundo, em relação ao ativismo negro contemporâneo, que busca recuperar as histórias e memórias afro-brasileiros destas tentativas de obliteração.

Biografia do Autor

Sarah Abel, Centre of Latin American Studies, University of Cambridge

Sarah Abel is a British Academy postdoctoral fellow, affiliated to the Centre of Latin American Studies at the University of Cambridge. She is a cultural anthropologist whose work specialises in American societies (principally Brazil, Mexico and the US), and her research focuses on the influence of science and technologies on the dynamics of racism and racial identities.

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2020-12-31